# LaTeX

## An art of academic Writing using LaTex

Agenda

• Introduction

• Why use LaTex?

• Installation in Windows or Mac or Linux

• Structure and hands on using Overleaf

• Conclusion

## Introduction

• LaTeX is pronounced “lay-tech” or “lah-tech,” not “la-teks.”

• LaTeX is a document preparation system for high-quality typesetting.

• LaTeX is most often used to produce technical or scientific documents, but it can be used for almost any form of publishing.

## Why Use LaTex?

• Professionally crafted predefined layouts make a document really look as if “printed.”

• Mathematical symbols and equations are easily integrated.

• Even complex structures such as footnotes, references, table of contents, and bibliographies can be generated easily.

• Forces author to focus on logical instead of aesthetic structure of a document.

• Creates more beautiful documents.

• Portable, compatible, flexible, versatile, and cheap (or free)!

## Installation

Install the following 2 software in your system.

• MiKTeX

• Texmaker 5.0.4 or later vesion

• Follow the installation tutorial video:

## Installation Not Required: Overleaf

•Overleaf is a collaborative cloud-based LaTeX editor used for writing, editing and publishing scientific documents

•It is quite similar to google docx etc.

## The format of a document is pretty simple.

In the preamble

Documentclass

Packages

In the front matter

Title/author

In the body

Contents

In the back matter

bibliography

# Create New Project

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}

\title{Machine Learning for Healthcare }

\author{R.K. Mishra }

\date{July 2021}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\section{Introduction}

\end{document}

Document classes: letter, article, report, book, slides(beamer, prosper)

\documentclass[12pt]{article}

Backslash – at the beginning of text markup command

Packages: numerous packages are available

\usepackage[margin=1in]{geometry}

\usepackage{setspace}

\usepackage{harvard}

\begin{document}

\title{}

\author{}

\maketitle

\begin{abstract}

\end{abstract}

\pagebreak

## In the Body

To begin a new section

\section{}

Similarly, \subsection{}, \subsubsection{}, \subsubsubsection{}

LaTeX does automatic numbering. If you don’t like it, use section*{}

\emph{}, \textbf{}

\singlespacing, \doublespacing, \onehalfspacing

\centering or \begin{centering} & \end{centering}

## Footnotes/Quotes/Equations

\footnote{}

\begin{quote} & \end{quote}

 ’, ` ’’ for quatations

Mathematical Equations

Math always in between $&$

Alternatively, $$&$$

$1+4=5$

\frac{}{}, \sqrt{}, \sum_{k=1}^{n}

^{}, _{}

\greek letters (e.g. \alpha or \Alpha)

## Creating a 4*3 Table

\begin{table}[h]

\caption{Summary of Conclusions from Diagnostic Tests}

\begin{tabular}{llll}

\hline

\hline

& Macropartisanship & Consumer Sentiment & Presidential Approval\\

\hline

Joint F test & $d=1$ & $d=1$ & $d=0$\\

VR test & $0<d\leq1$ & $d=1$ & $0<d\leq1$ \\

\hline

\end{tabular}

\end{table}

# Example

\begin{document}

\title{Write title here}

\author{Ram Krishn Mishra and Author 2 \corauthref{cor1}}

\address{Department, BITS Pilani Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE}

\corauth[cor1]{Corresponding author: email; Tel: +971-55-282 5679; Fax: 512-259-7395}

\date{\today}

\section{Introduction}

Latex is not a word processor. It encourage the authors to concentrate more on the content itself than the appearances. How the paragraph are created. How to end a line. How to provide in different lines.

% For new line, use \\ or \newline

Here, we can also discuss about the comments (Cnt T and Cnt U). How to comment and uncomment a line which will be very useful in debugging. Will also detail about the special characters or reserved characters.

% #$%^&_{}~\ How to provide subscript and superscript.\\$a^{x}$and$a_{x}$How to provide horizontal and vertical spaces? %\hspace{15pt} and \vspace{15pt} How to use color text? %\textcolor{blue}{Type in color} How to chage font size at a particular place. %{\tiny Tiny text} %{\huge Huge text} % similarly experiment with scriptsize, footnotesize, normalsize, large, Large, LARGE, huge, Huge etc How to write in bold, italics, underline etc? \textit{Type in italics} \textbf{Type in bold} \underline{Text in underline} \underline{\textit{\textbf{Text in bold italics and underline}}} # Itemize What is enumerate and itemize? \begin{enumerate} \item aaaa \begin{enumerate} \item [--] aaaa \item [--] bbaa \end{enumerate} \item [--] aaaa \item [--] bbaa \item [$\ast$] bbbb \end{enumerate} %Also you can use %\begin{itemize} %\item aaaa %\item bbaa %\item bbbb %\end{itemize} %For pagebreak, \pagebreak %For new page, \newpage # Equations \section{Equations} Use$Equation here$. The equation in \$ cannot be refereed in text. This is particularly used inside the text. Or we can use:

Write single equation here.

% Note inside the begin equation,  will not be activated. Hence use only one.

% Try these commands inside the equation mode. \hat{x}, \tilde{x},\dot{x} begining. The can introduce to the symbol box of latex.

\hat{x}

% Try these commands inside the equation mode. x^a, x_{b}, x^{ab}_c, \sum_{i=0}^{n},\frac{•}{•}, \frac{\partial}{\partial t}x, \frac{d}{dt}\dot{y} seperately.

\frac{d}{dt}\dot{y}

\label{ea}

Also what happens if you add * in the equation? and its refered as Equation \ref{ea} and Equation \ref{et}

%%%%%%%%%%%% Practice equation %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

ln A_{H}=-3.512+0.904 M_{w}-1.328ln\sqrt{r^2+\left[0.149.e^{(0.647 M_{w})}\right]^2}

\sigma_{ln A_{H}}=

\begin{cases}

O_t= α_0+α_1 O_(t-1 )+ α_2 O_(t-2 )+ α_3 O_(t-p )+ β_1 V_(t-1) + β_2 V_(t-2) +⋯ β_3 V_(t-p)+ε_t

\end{cases}

\label{et}

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

All these are written inside begin and end equation. Try to explore more about equation array (eqnarray), vertical align (align).

# Insert Figure

\section{Insert Figures}

How to include figures from an example.

% try the h (at same loc) ,t b, H (Puts at the same point), !t, !h, !b alignment.

\begin{figure}[!t]

\begin{center}

\includegraphics[width=0.8\columnwidth]{Figures/DEMANDS.pdf}

\end{center}

\caption{Demands.}

\label{fig:demands}

\end{figure}

# Insert Table

\section{Create Table}

How to insert tables?

Two ways. \\

1. Direct way \\

\begin{center}

\begin{tabular}{|l|c|c|r|}

1 & 2 & 3 & 3 \\

5 & 6 & 7 & 3 \\ \hline

8 & 9 & 10 & 3 \\

\end{tabular}

\end{center}

2. Indirect way is to insert the table as image. For that we have to use the package graphicx

\begin{table}[h]

\begin{center}

\caption{Parameter matrix considered for the study} \includegraphics[width=1.0\columnwidth]{Tables/Prototype_model_Details.pdf}

\end{center}

\label{Tab1}

\end{table}

\bibliographystyle{ascelike}

\bibliography{REFBIB}

\end{document}